1. What are the risk factors for coronary heart disease?

Coronary is one of the most common diseases in Australia. The key risk factors are wrong habits that increase chances of coronary heart disease. It is a condition when a waxy substance called plaque starts building up on the inner walls of the coronary arteries. Since arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle, built-up plaque blocks it and reduces the flow of blood. This could cause a heart attack, or the existing Coronary Heart Disease will worsen.
Reduced blood flow could cause chest pain and also cause a blood clot if plaque breaks within your arteries. If the clot gets large, it can block the flow of blood to your heart muscle. Blocked blood flow to the heart muscle is the main reason behind a heart attack.

2. Are there any tips to prevent a heart attack?

Yes, many effective ways can help you prevent a heart attack. All you need to do is to focus on the following two factors:

Medications

Taking medications on a regular basis can minimise the risk of a heart attack. Proper medication can help your damaged heart work in a better way. Don’t avoid the prescriptions and advice provided by your doctor. And also ask him/her to keep a regular check on your health.

Healthy Lifestyle

No matter how often you visit your doctor’s clinic for heart monitoring purposes if you don’t follow a healthy lifestyle, you won’t get rid of this disease. Maintain your weight and strictly follow a heart-healthy diet. Quit smoking, do regular exercise, reduce stress, keep a control on your blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes.

3. How to prevent or control the Coronary Heart Disease?

This dreadful disease can be prevented and controlled with healthy lifestyle changes and proper treatment. You can manage your blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, overweight and obesity to minimise the impact of CHD.
Keep a regular check on your heart health and follow a balanced diet. A slight shift towards healthy lifestyle has helped many people in reducing the risk of CHD and heart attack. You can involve in any physical activity and try to control your weight if you are suffering from obesity.

4. What is Rheumatic Fever and how to identify it?

Rheumatic Fever is one of those severe diseases, associated with strep throat. It usually occurs in children aged between 5 to 15 years. It is the most common diseases in Australia and New Zealand.
The fever is caused by a reaction to the bacteria that causes strep throat. The common symptoms of Rheumatic Fever are:

  • A Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Bloody discharge from nose
  • Red rashes
  • High Fever
  • Tonsils
  • Red spots or rashes on the top of the mouth
  • Vomiting and Nausea
  • And headache.

Take your child to the clinic for a doctor’s diagnosis and treatment of strep throat.

5. What are the affective treatments against rheumatic fever?

Treatment starts with the evacuation of strep bacteria and controlling the symptoms using the following steps:

Antibiotics

It can be treated with antibiotics, and the doctor might prescribe a long-term treatment. In rare cases, the child may get lifelong antibiotic treatment.

Anti-inflammatory Treatment

This includes pain medications such as aspirin, naproxen, etc. This is the most common treatments that reduce the risk factors of this fever.

Anticonvulsant Medications

A doctor might prescribe an anticonvulsant if the situation becomes too complicated.

6. I am suffering from high temperate along with headache and body pains. Is this a sign of pneumococcal infection?

No, not certainly. Pneumococcal infections are caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumonia, and it ranges from mild to severe. Those who have a weakened immune system are at the risk of catching this infection. If you are suffering from any serious health condition such as diabetes or HIV, then visit a doctor immediately. Cases of this disease usually peak in December and January.

7. What are the initial symptoms of a heart attack?

Common heart attack symptoms include:

  • Mild chest pain, pressure, aching sensation in your chest and arms that could spread into your back, neck and jaw Shortness of breath
  • Indigestion, Nausea
  • Heartburn or abdominal pain
  • Cold Sweat
  • Dizziness and Fatigue

8. What should I do if I doubt I have dengue?

In case you are suspected of dengue, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. In order to diagnose dengue fever, make sure your doctor:

  • Evaluates your symptoms;
  • Test your blood
  • Review your medical history

Instead of delaying your treatment, immediately visit your doctor for proper diagnosis.

9. Is there any prevention for skin cancer?

  • Yes, skin cancer can be prevented. The best way is to avoid sunburns and too much exposure to sunlight. Since ultraviolet rays from the sun damage the skin, make sure you keep yourself protected from the direct sunlight otherwise this could lead to skin cancer. Do the following things to protect yourself from the direct sunlight:
  • Wear sunglasses
  • Wear hats with brims
  • Apply SPF of 15 or higher sunscreen to avoid direct UV rays on your skin. Apply it half an hour before you go outside.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants

10. Is dementia a common disease among older people?

Experts believe that Dementia affects people as they get older, but you count it as a normal aspect of aging. According to the stats, nine out of ten older people don’t catch this disease. Most of the people develop this disease into their 80’s and 90’s.
To control it, you can maintain your brain health by eating healthy and reducing the consumption of alcohol. Keep your blood pressure in control and stay connected with mind games and puzzles. It is also good to keep yourself socially engaged- this can reduce the risk of dementia.